7.2. How to get the bt8xx cards working

Authors:

Richard Walker, Jamie Honan, Michael Hunold, Manu Abraham, Uwe Bugla, Michael Krufky

7.2.1. General information

This class of cards has a bt878a as the PCI interface, and require the bttv driver for accessing the i2c bus and the gpio pins of the bt8xx chipset.

Please see Documentation/admin-guide/media/bttv-cardlist.rst for a complete list of Cards based on the Conexant Bt8xx PCI bridge supported by the Linux Kernel.

In order to be able to compile the kernel, some config options should be enabled:

./scripts/config -e PCI
./scripts/config -e INPUT
./scripts/config -m I2C
./scripts/config -m MEDIA_SUPPORT
./scripts/config -e MEDIA_PCI_SUPPORT
./scripts/config -e MEDIA_ANALOG_TV_SUPPORT
./scripts/config -e MEDIA_DIGITAL_TV_SUPPORT
./scripts/config -e MEDIA_RADIO_SUPPORT
./scripts/config -e RC_CORE
./scripts/config -m VIDEO_BT848
./scripts/config -m DVB_BT8XX

If you want to automatically support all possible variants of the Bt8xx cards, you should also do:

./scripts/config -e MEDIA_SUBDRV_AUTOSELECT

Note

Please use the following options with care as deselection of drivers which are in fact necessary may result in DVB devices that cannot be tuned due to lack of driver support.

If your goal is to just support an specific board, you may, instead, disable MEDIA_SUBDRV_AUTOSELECT and manually select the frontend drivers required by your board. With that, you can save some RAM.

You can do that by calling make xconfig/qconfig/menuconfig and look at the options on those menu options (only enabled if Autoselect ancillary drivers is disabled:

  1. Device drivers => Multimedia support => Customize TV tuners

  2. Device drivers => Multimedia support => Customize DVB frontends

Then, on each of the above menu, please select your card-specific frontend and tuner modules.

7.2.2. Loading Modules

Regular case: If the bttv driver detects a bt8xx-based DVB card, all frontend and backend modules will be loaded automatically.

Exceptions are:

  • Old TV cards without EEPROMs, sharing a common PCI subsystem ID;

  • Old TwinHan DST cards or clones with or without CA slot and not containing an Eeprom.

In the following cases overriding the PCI type detection for bttv and for dvb-bt8xx drivers by passing modprobe parameters may be necessary.

7.2.2.1. Running TwinHan and Clones

As shown at Documentation/admin-guide/media/bttv-cardlist.rst, TwinHan and clones use card=113 modprobe parameter. So, in order to properly detect it for devices without EEPROM, you should use:

$ modprobe bttv card=113
$ modprobe dst

Useful parameters for verbosity level and debugging the dst module:

verbose=0:              messages are disabled
        1:              only error messages are displayed
        2:              notifications are displayed
        3:              other useful messages are displayed
        4:              debug setting
dst_addons=0:           card is a free to air (FTA) card only
        0x20:   card has a conditional access slot for scrambled channels
dst_algo=0:             (default) Software tuning algorithm
         1:             Hardware tuning algorithm

The autodetected values are determined by the cards’ “response string”.

In your logs see f. ex.: dst_get_device_id: Recognize [DSTMCI].

For bug reports please send in a complete log with verbose=4 activated. Please also see Documentation/admin-guide/media/ci.rst.

7.2.2.2. Running multiple cards

See Documentation/admin-guide/media/bttv-cardlist.rst for a complete list of Card ID. Some examples:

Brand name

ID

Pinnacle PCTV Sat

94

Nebula Electronics Digi TV

104

pcHDTV HD-2000 TV

112

Twinhan DST and clones

113

Avermedia AverTV DVB-T 77:

123

Avermedia AverTV DVB-T 761

124

DViCO FusionHDTV DVB-T Lite

128

DViCO FusionHDTV 5 Lite

135

Note

When you have multiple cards, the order of the card ID should match the order where they’re detected by the system. Please notice that removing/inserting other PCI cards may change the detection order.

Example:

$ modprobe bttv card=113 card=135

In case of further problems please subscribe and send questions to the mailing list: linux-media@vger.kernel.org.

7.2.2.3. Probing the cards with broken PCI subsystem ID

There are some TwinHan cards whose EEPROM has become corrupted for some reason. The cards do not have a correct PCI subsystem ID. Still, it is possible to force probing the cards with:

$ echo 109e 0878 $subvendor $subdevice > \
        /sys/bus/pci/drivers/bt878/new_id

The two numbers there are:

109e: PCI_VENDOR_ID_BROOKTREE
0878: PCI_DEVICE_ID_BROOKTREE_878