4.13.3.4.1. Media Bus Formats

v4l2_mbus_framefmt
struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt
__u32 width Image width in pixels.
__u32 height Image height in pixels. If field is one of V4L2_FIELD_TOP, V4L2_FIELD_BOTTOM or V4L2_FIELD_ALTERNATE then height refers to the number of lines in the field, otherwise it refers to the number of lines in the frame (which is twice the field height for interlaced formats).
__u32 code Format code, from enum v4l2_mbus_pixelcode.
__u32 field Field order, from enum v4l2_field. See Field Order for details.
__u32 colorspace Image colorspace, from enum v4l2_colorspace. See Colorspaces for details.
__u16 ycbcr_enc Y’CbCr encoding, from enum v4l2_ycbcr_encoding. This information supplements the colorspace and must be set by the driver for capture streams and by the application for output streams, see Colorspaces.
__u16 quantization Quantization range, from enum v4l2_quantization. This information supplements the colorspace and must be set by the driver for capture streams and by the application for output streams, see Colorspaces.
__u16 xfer_func Transfer function, from enum v4l2_xfer_func. This information supplements the colorspace and must be set by the driver for capture streams and by the application for output streams, see Colorspaces.
__u16 reserved[11] Reserved for future extensions. Applications and drivers must set the array to zero.

4.13.3.4.1.1. Media Bus Pixel Codes

The media bus pixel codes describe image formats as flowing over physical buses (both between separate physical components and inside SoC devices). This should not be confused with the V4L2 pixel formats that describe, using four character codes, image formats as stored in memory.

While there is a relationship between image formats on buses and image formats in memory (a raw Bayer image won’t be magically converted to JPEG just by storing it to memory), there is no one-to-one correspondence between them.

The media bus pixel codes document parallel formats. Should the pixel data be transported over a serial bus, the media bus pixel code that describes a parallel format that transfers a sample on a single clock cycle is used. For instance, both MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR888_1X24 and MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR888_3X8 are used on parallel busses for transferring an 8 bits per sample BGR data, whereas on serial busses the data in this format is only referred to using MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR888_1X24. This is because there is effectively only a single way to transport that format on the serial busses.

4.13.3.4.1.1.1. Packed RGB Formats

Those formats transfer pixel data as red, green and blue components. The format code is made of the following information.

  • The red, green and blue components order code, as encoded in a pixel sample. Possible values are RGB and BGR.
  • The number of bits per component, for each component. The values can be different for all components. Common values are 555 and 565.
  • The number of bus samples per pixel. Pixels that are wider than the bus width must be transferred in multiple samples. Common values are 1 and 2.
  • The bus width.
  • For formats where the total number of bits per pixel is smaller than the number of bus samples per pixel times the bus width, a padding value stating if the bytes are padded in their most high order bits (PADHI) or low order bits (PADLO). A “C” prefix is used for component-wise padding in the most high order bits (CPADHI) or low order bits (CPADLO) of each separate component.
  • For formats where the number of bus samples per pixel is larger than 1, an endianness value stating if the pixel is transferred MSB first (BE) or LSB first (LE).

For instance, a format where pixels are encoded as 5-bits red, 5-bits green and 5-bit blue values padded on the high bit, transferred as 2 8-bit samples per pixel with the most significant bits (padding, red and half of the green value) transferred first will be named MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB555_2X8_PADHI_BE.

The following tables list existing packed RGB formats.

RGB formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB444_1X12 0x1016 r3 r2 r1 r0 g3 g2 g1 g0 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB444_2X8_PADHI_BE 0x1001 0 0 0 0 r3 r2 r1

r0

                                                      g3 g2 g1 g0 b3 b2 b1 b0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB444_2X8_PADHI_LE 0x1002 g3 g2 g1 g0 b3 b2 b1

b0

                                                      0 0 0 0 r3 r2 r1 r0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB555_2X8_PADHI_BE 0x1003 0 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g4

g3

                                                      g2 g1 g0 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB555_2X8_PADHI_LE 0x1004 g2 g1 g0 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

                                                      0 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g4 g3
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB565_1X16 0x1017 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR565_2X8_BE 0x1005 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0 g5 g4

g3

                                                      g2 g1 g0 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR565_2X8_LE 0x1006 g2 g1 g0 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

                                                      b4 b3 b2 b1 b0 g5 g4 g3
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB565_2X8_BE 0x1007 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g5 g4

g3

                                                      g2 g1 g0 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB565_2X8_LE 0x1008 g2 g1 g0 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

                                                      r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g5 g4 g3
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB666_1X18 0x1009 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RBG888_1X24 0x100e r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB666_1X24_CPADHI 0x1015 0 0 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 0 0 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 0 0 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR888_1X24 0x1013 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_BGR888_3X8 0x101b b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

                                                      g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0
                                                      r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_GBR888_1X24 0x1014 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X24 0x100a r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_2X12_BE 0x100b r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g7 g6 g5

g4

                                              g3 g2 g1 g0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_2X12_LE 0x100c g3 g2 g1 g0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

                                              r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g7 g6 g5 g4
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_ARGB888_1X32 0x100d a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X32_PADHI 0x100f 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB101010_1X30 0x1018 0 0 r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

The following table list existing packed 36bit wide RGB formats.

36bit RGB formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB121212_1X36 0x1019 r11 r10 r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 r0 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b11 b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

The following table list existing packed 48bit wide RGB formats.

48bit RGB formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit                                 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
      31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB161616_1X48 0x101a r15 r14 r13 r12 r11 r10 r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

      g15 g14 g13 g12 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1 g0 b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0

On LVDS buses, usually each sample is transferred serialized in seven time slots per pixel clock, on three (18-bit) or four (24-bit) differential data pairs at the same time. The remaining bits are used for control signals as defined by SPWG/PSWG/VESA or JEIDA standards. The 24-bit RGB format serialized in seven time slots on four lanes using JEIDA defined bit mapping will be named MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X7X4_JEIDA, for example.

LVDS RGB formats
Identifier Code     Data organization
    Timeslot Lane 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB666_1X7X3_SPWG 0x1010 0 d b1

g0

    1     d b0 r5
    2     d g5 r4
    3     b5 g4 r3
    4     b4 g3 r2
    5     b3 g2 r1
    6     b2 g1 r0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X7X4_SPWG 0x1011 0 d d b1

g0

    1   b7 d b0 r5
    2   b6 d g5 r4
    3   g7 b5 g4 r3
    4   g6 b4 g3 r2
    5   r7 b3 g2 r1
    6   r6 b2 g1 r0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X7X4_JEIDA 0x1012 0 d d b3

g2

    1   b1 d b2 r7
    2   b0 d g7 r6
    3   g1 b7 g6 r5
    4   g0 b6 g5 r4
    5   r1 b5 g4 r3
    6   r0 b4 g3 r2

4.13.3.4.1.1.2. Bayer Formats

Those formats transfer pixel data as red, green and blue components. The format code is made of the following information.

  • The red, green and blue components order code, as encoded in a pixel sample. The possible values are shown in Figure 4.8 Bayer Patterns.
  • The number of bits per pixel component. All components are transferred on the same number of bits. Common values are 8, 10 and 12.
  • The compression (optional). If the pixel components are ALAW- or DPCM-compressed, a mention of the compression scheme and the number of bits per compressed pixel component.
  • The number of bus samples per pixel. Pixels that are wider than the bus width must be transferred in multiple samples. Common values are 1 and 2.
  • The bus width.
  • For formats where the total number of bits per pixel is smaller than the number of bus samples per pixel times the bus width, a padding value stating if the bytes are padded in their most high order bits (PADHI) or low order bits (PADLO).
  • For formats where the number of bus samples per pixel is larger than 1, an endianness value stating if the pixel is transferred MSB first (BE) or LSB first (LE).

For instance, a format with uncompressed 10-bit Bayer components arranged in a red, green, green, blue pattern transferred as 2 8-bit samples per pixel with the least significant bits transferred first will be named MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_2X8_PADHI_LE.

bayer.svg

Figure 4.8 Bayer Patterns

The following table lists existing packed Bayer formats. The data organization is given as an example for the first pixel only.

Bayer Formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR8_1X8 0x3001 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG8_1X8 0x3013 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG8_1X8 0x3002 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8 0x3014 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_ALAW8_1X8 0x3015 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG10_ALAW8_1X8 0x3016 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG10_ALAW8_1X8 0x3017 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_ALAW8_1X8 0x3018 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_DPCM8_1X8 0x300b b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG10_DPCM8_1X8 0x300c g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG10_DPCM8_1X8 0x3009 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_DPCM8_1X8 0x300d r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_2X8_PADHI_BE 0x3003 0 0 0 0 0 0 b9

b8

                      b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_2X8_PADHI_LE 0x3004 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

                      0 0 0 0 0 0 b9 b8
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_2X8_PADLO_BE 0x3005 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3

b2

                      b1 b0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_2X8_PADLO_LE 0x3006 b1 b0 0 0 0 0 0

0

                      b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_1X10 0x3007 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG10_1X10 0x300e g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG10_1X10 0x300a g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_1X10 0x300f r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR12_1X12 0x3008 b11 b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG12_1X12 0x3010 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG12_1X12 0x3011 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB12_1X12 0x3012 r11 r10 r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR14_1X14 0x3019 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG14_1X14 0x301a g13 g12 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG14_1X14 0x301b g13 g12 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB14_1X14 0x301c r13 r12 r11 r10 r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR16_1X16 0x301d b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1

b0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG16_1X16 0x301e g15 g14 g13 g12 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG16_1X16 0x301f g15 g14 g13 g12 g11 g10 g9 g8 g7 g6 g5 g4 g3 g2 g1

g0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB16_1X16 0x3020 r15 r14 r13 r12 r11 r10 r9 r8 r7 r6 r5 r4 r3 r2 r1

r0

4.13.3.4.1.1.3. Packed YUV Formats

Those data formats transfer pixel data as (possibly downsampled) Y, U and V components. Some formats include dummy bits in some of their samples and are collectively referred to as “YDYC” (Y-Dummy-Y-Chroma) formats. One cannot rely on the values of these dummy bits as those are undefined.

The format code is made of the following information.

  • The Y, U and V components order code, as transferred on the bus. Possible values are YUYV, UYVY, YVYU and VYUY for formats with no dummy bit, and YDYUYDYV, YDYVYDYU, YUYDYVYD and YVYDYUYD for YDYC formats.
  • The number of bits per pixel component. All components are transferred on the same number of bits. Common values are 8, 10 and 12.
  • The number of bus samples per pixel. Pixels that are wider than the bus width must be transferred in multiple samples. Common values are 0.5 (encoded as 0_5; in this case two pixels are transferred per bus sample), 1, 1.5 (encoded as 1_5) and 2.
  • The bus width. When the bus width is larger than the number of bits per pixel component, several components are packed in a single bus sample. The components are ordered as specified by the order code, with components on the left of the code transferred in the high order bits. Common values are 8 and 16.

For instance, a format where pixels are encoded as 8-bit YUV values downsampled to 4:2:2 and transferred as 2 8-bit bus samples per pixel in the U, Y, V, Y order will be named MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8.

YUV Formats lists existing packed YUV formats and describes the organization of each pixel data in each sample. When a format pattern is split across multiple samples each of the samples in the pattern is described.

The role of each bit transferred over the bus is identified by one of the following codes.

  • yx for luma component bit number x
  • ux for blue chroma component bit number x
  • vx for red chroma component bit number x
  • ax for alpha component bit number x
  • for non-available bits (for positions higher than the bus width)
  • d for dummy bits
YUV Formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 10 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_Y8_1X8 0x2001 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UV8_1X8 0x2015 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_1_5X8 0x2002 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY8_1_5X8 0x2003 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV8_1_5X8 0x2004 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU8_1_5X8 0x2005 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8 0x2006 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY8_2X8 0x2007 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV8_2X8 0x2008 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU8_2X8 0x2009 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_Y10_1X10 0x200a y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_Y10_2X8_PADHI_LE 0x202c y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                      0 0 0 0 0 0 y9 y8
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY10_2X10 0x2018 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                                                  y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                  v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                                  y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY10_2X10 0x2019 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                                                  y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                  u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                                  y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV10_2X10 0x200b y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                  u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                                  y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                  v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU10_2X10 0x200c y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                                  v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                                  y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                                  u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_Y12_1X12 0x2013 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY12_2X12 0x201c u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                                              y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                              v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                              y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY12_2X12 0x201d v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                                              y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                              u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                              y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV12_2X12 0x201e y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                              u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                              y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                              v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU12_2X12 0x201f y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                              v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
                                              y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                              u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_1X16 0x200f u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY8_1X16 0x2010 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                                      u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV8_1X16 0x2011 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU8_1X16 0x2012 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YDYUYDYV8_1X16 0x2014 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 d d d d d d d

d

                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 d d d d d d d d
                                      y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY10_1X20 0x201a u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                              v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY10_1X20 0x201b v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                              u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV10_1X20 0x200d y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                              y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU10_1X20 0x200e y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                              y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VUY8_1X24 0x201a v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUV8_1X24 0x2025 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYYVYY8_0_5X24 0x2026 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                      v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY12_1X24 0x2020 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                      v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY12_1X24 0x2021 v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

                      u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV12_1X24 0x2022 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

                      y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU12_1X24 0x2023 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

                      y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUV10_1X30 0x2016 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYYVYY10_0_5X30 0x2027 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

          v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_AYUV8_1X32 0x2017 a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

The following table list existing packed 36bit wide YUV formats.

36bit YUV Formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 10 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYYVYY12_0_5X36 0x2028 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

      v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUV12_1X36 0x2029 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

The following table list existing packed 48bit wide YUV formats.

48bit YUV Formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit                                 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
      31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 10 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUV16_1X48 0x202a y15 y14 y13 y12 y11 y10 y8 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1

y0

      u15 u14 u13 u12 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1 u0 v15 v14 v13 v12 v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYYVYY16_0_5X48 0x202b u15 u14 u13 u12 u11 u10 u9 u8 u7 u6 u5 u4 u3 u2 u1

u0

      y15 y14 y13 y12 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y15 y14 y13 y12 y11 y10 y8 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0
                                      v15 v14 v13 v12 v11 v10 v9 v8 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1 v0
      y15 y14 y13 y12 y11 y10 y9 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0 y15 y14 y13 y12 y11 y10 y8 y8 y7 y6 y5 y4 y3 y2 y1 y0

4.13.3.4.1.1.4. HSV/HSL Formats

Those formats transfer pixel data as RGB values in a cylindrical-coordinate system using Hue-Saturation-Value or Hue-Saturation-Lightness components. The format code is made of the following information.

  • The hue, saturation, value or lightness and optional alpha components order code, as encoded in a pixel sample. The only currently supported value is AHSV.
  • The number of bits per component, for each component. The values can be different for all components. The only currently supported value is 8888.
  • The number of bus samples per pixel. Pixels that are wider than the bus width must be transferred in multiple samples. The only currently supported value is 1.
  • The bus width.
  • For formats where the total number of bits per pixel is smaller than the number of bus samples per pixel times the bus width, a padding value stating if the bytes are padded in their most high order bits (PADHI) or low order bits (PADLO).
  • For formats where the number of bus samples per pixel is larger than 1, an endianness value stating if the pixel is transferred MSB first (BE) or LSB first (LE).

The following table lists existing HSV/HSL formats.

HSV/HSL formats
Identifier Code   Data organization
    Bit 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_AHSV8888_1X32 0x6001 a7 a6 a5 a4 a3 a2 a1 a0 h7 h6 h5 h4 h3 h2 h1 h0 s7 s6 s5 s4 s3 s2 s1 s0 v7 v6 v5 v4 v3 v2 v1

v0

4.13.3.4.1.1.5. JPEG Compressed Formats

Those data formats consist of an ordered sequence of 8-bit bytes obtained from JPEG compression process. Additionally to the _JPEG postfix the format code is made of the following information.

  • The number of bus samples per entropy encoded byte.
  • The bus width.

For instance, for a JPEG baseline process and an 8-bit bus width the format will be named MEDIA_BUS_FMT_JPEG_1X8.

The following table lists existing JPEG compressed formats.

JPEG Formats
Identifier Code Remarks
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_JPEG_1X8 0x4001

Besides of its usage for the parallel bus this format is recommended for transmission of JPEG data over MIPI CSI bus using the User Defined 8-bit Data types.

4.13.3.4.1.1.6. Vendor and Device Specific Formats

This section lists complex data formats that are either vendor or device specific.

The following table lists the existing vendor and device specific formats.

Vendor and device specific formats
Identifier Code Comments
MEDIA_BUS_FMT_S5C_UYVY_JPEG_1X8 0x5001

Interleaved raw UYVY and JPEG image format with embedded meta-data used by Samsung S3C73MX camera sensors.